The Center for Disease Control and Prevention has put out a blunt commentary on its website. It says that 33.8% of US adults and 17% of children and adolescents aged 2-19 years are obese. It adds that there has been a dramatic increase in obesity in the last 20 years. These are scary numbers, but it is more hurt to come. Experts predict that by the year 2048 all Americans will be either overweight or obese.
Below are examples of how obesity affects the body
1. Coronary heart disease: Excess fat causes plaque build up in the coronary arteries. This plaque is made of fat, cholesterol, calcium and other substances. When plaque build up, it reduces the flow of oxygen-rich blood to the heart. This can cause a heart attack. The risk of coronary heart disease increases the volume of the body. Obesity is also known to cause heart failure.
2. Stroke: plaque anticipation can split and form blood clots. If ruptured blood clot travels and comes close to the brain, it can inhibit the supply of oxygen, causing a stroke. More fat increases the direct risk of stroke. Scientists have conducted a study that has confirmed the link between excessive fat and stroke.
3. Cancer: Excess fat can cause cancer as well. Excess fat increases estrogen levels, which increases the risk of cancer of the female reproductive system. It causes gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), which increases the risk of esophageal cancer. Fat increases insulin, which can cause cancer cells to multiply.
4. Osteoarthritis: Osteoarthritis is a very painful and osteoarthritis, which affects the knees, hips and lower back. It wears down sites that protect joints and the main cause is being overweight. Being overweight increases the pressure on the joints and it could lead to osteoarthritis or rather worse, if it exists already.
5. Sleep apnea: If fat accumulates around the neck, it narrows the airway, thereby making it difficult to breathe properly while you sleep, resulting in sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is a chronic disease that does not allow you to breathe properly during sleep. It keeps you awake at night, thereby reducing productivity and impact Normal body.
6. Reproductive issues: Being overweight can lead to irregular menstrual cycles and infertility in women. All health programs should focus on weight loss and exercise for overweight women. This will improve menstrual regularity, reduce fertility and prepare women for reduced-risk pregnancy. (1)
These are just a few of many examples of how obesity affects the body. Other things beside the body gets affected, as the soul if you become self-conscious and have low self-esteem. Social life can suffer and you may be depressed. The mind, body and soul are connected. If one is out of whack, others will suffer. So make sure you eat right and exercise to prevent the effects of obesity
(1) Obesity and Reproductive :. Role Applied Lifestyle by Robert J. Norman, MD